Today turned into the perfect day to bake. A mix of sleet and rain had developed overnight here in the Hudson Valley and it was freezing outside this morning when I took my dogs out for their first outing. We quickly ran back inside after the usual (yet unusually wet and short) walk, where I was met with the warmth of the kitchen and the smell of freshly brewed coffee...
This is admittedly one of my absolute favorite cookies during the Christmas holiday; although not in the classic seven, I bet if you ask any family today in Norway you will get an acknowledgement and approving nod when mentioning "Brune Pinner". These have been in families' baking repertoire for quite some time in our country and are always a hit among the young and old.
Jødekager is a Danish cookie which was always a part of the traditional Christmas baking at our house while I was growing up. It's a small round cookie sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon, reminding me of the American Snickerdoodle. There is some confusion as to where Jødekager originated from but most sources believe that the cookies were sold in Jewish bakeries in Copenhagen approximately 150 years ago and I guess that is how they got their name?
Despite the German sounding name, "Berlinerkranser" (Berlin Wreaths) is as Norwegian as lutefisk and Jarlsberg cheese - and an important part of our cookie collection during the holidays. Why the reference to Berlin? It is believed that a lot of Scandinavian baking traditions came from German immigrants and their bakeries/ recipes. The Germans were considered masters at their craft and hence their baked goods became integrated into the Norwegian (and Swedish and Danish) food repertoire.
I find profound wisdom in proverbs, sayings and quotes and marvel at the way they can be so succinct in communicating messages to the reader. Mostly anonymous, they come to us from past generations and across cultures, and speak of the experiences of lives lived and lessons learned. Quotes like proverbs, can make us think more deeply about something.
Each Thursday, I post a Proverb or Saying and a Quote that I find thought provoking. I hope you will too.
Native American proverb
Many people die at twenty five and aren’t buried until they are seventy-five.
Something to ponder about today.
Headhunters by Jo Nesbø The Movie
What they could have done better: Explained the twists and turns of the plot, which I think would help to build suspense.
What they did well: Perfect portrayal by the Clas Greve actorBOOK REVIEW
Wow… it seems incredible, but each book I have read recently becomes my latest Favourite author/novel. This is a little ridculous, but true. Why is that?
Well I can make this claim because I have read this book from Jo Nesbø.
Nesbo has departed from the Harry Hole series in this superbly written first person story.Those averse to novels written in the first person will find it hard going, but if you can cope with that, it is an excellent book and if you haven’t read Nesbø before, I can assure you that you will again.
Offering an insight to the world of economics and business recruitment. (no doubt Nesbø drew upon his former profession as a source for this book), this is not the usual murder mystery but a little bit of a love story, or at least besotted love, part art history/theft story and mostly psychological thriller, as the reader is manipulated into different directions by the twists and turns of this story.
The characters, particularly the protaganist Roger Brown, were utterly believable, and his background and mindset, so carefully woven in to the story. However the crowning glory of this book was the fact that you could never anticipate the ending, no matter what.
Roger Brown, albeit a man of short stature, (which is the bane of his existence), is the epitome of business success with a perfect track record of recruitment, but has a dark secret that even his stunningly beautiful wife, ( who appears to be equally besotted with him) is unaware. Does she have secrets too? Why is her heart so sad? Enter another man who intervenes in their lives in a most unexpected but equally manipulative way with deadly consequences.
The police are not present in this story, and this is in contrast to Nesbø’s other Harry Hole’s stories. You are Roger Brown and experience all that he experiences, even the black humour and dire situation he finds himself in when trying to elude his pursuer. This scene, which I won’t detail as it will spoil it, is so completely original and hilarious at the same time and cemented my admiration for this writer. Who else could inject black humour in to the totally serious psychological thriller, but Nesbø?
Becoming a motion picture I hope will add interest to Nesbø’s work, and this work in particular. Released in Oslo 2011.
The good: Enthralling, riveting, edge of your chair thriller, which CANNOT be put down, and this, always a hackneyed phrase, is more than accurate, in this instance. I had to finish this book in one session. Final plot twist, and all those before it as well.
The bad: One particular scene, where the protagonist eludes his pursuer in the most unlikely of places.Hilarious, yet bad..
The ugly: Description of a liaison gone wrong, with a female women who was not Roger’s wife.
This really has to be read…… only wish I could write like this….what a talent….
Some of the died in the wool Nesbø fans did not like this book/movie, though I am confused specifically how. Something I will ponder about.
Denmark: Using Witnesses to Find the Next Generation
Denmark Witness Research
Sometimes, finding the next generation can be very difficult. Depending on the circumstances, witness research can be a vital strategy in overcoming the brick wall. The majority of witnesses at a christening are usually some sort of relative of the parents. Witness research is, in a way, a back door for finding the next generation. Follow these steps for conducting witness research.
What Do You Know
|Part 1 of this post is found here|
The first step in witness research is to determine what you already know. Before beginning research, ask yourself the following questions:
- What information do I have? How accurate is that information?
- Are there any living relatives that would already have the information?
- Are there secondary sources (such as online Family Trees and Biographies) that would have the information? What have others found?
Whatever information you find, make sure to document where you found that information. Also, make sure to determine whether the information found is merely family hearsay or if it came from original records.
|Compiled sources are a great place to start for finding a birth date.Biographies, Genealogies, and Periodicals are just a few of the compiled sources available. Although these records are secondary, they are usually well documented. The information in these sources should be sourced well enough that you could find the original record if you wanted to.|
Step 2: Gather Christenings of All Children
Once you know what has been done, the next step is gathering christening records. Let’s say you have Father A and Mother B, and you are trying to find the parents of Father A. The first step you need to do is gather the christening records of every child of the couple. On the christening records is the witnesses that will be needed for witness research. You want to gather the christening records of every child because each child will have different (and similar) witnesses along with different information about each witness.
Step 3: Extract Information
The third step is to extract the information found on each christening record. This includes:
- The name of each witnesses (even if it says Lars Larsen’s wife),
- The place of residence of each witness
- Any descriptive information that may be list (such as occupation, titles, relations, etc.)
- Make a note as to which christening record the witness was found in and the year of the record
- Any other information that may be listed.
|A good note of advice is to put all of this information into a table. Tables are great for making analysis easier. See Case Study 1 for a good example of Table analysis|
Step 4: Analyze
Once you have extracted all of the information, analyze what you have found.
- Does any of the witnesses have the same surname as Father A?
- Does any of the witnesses show up in multiple christenings records?
- Are there any key words given (such as faster = father’s sister, Mandens moder = the man’s mother, etc.)
- Do the majority of the witnesses come from the same village?
As you analyze the information, you will notice clues that may either be the parents of Father A or some other relative.
Step 5: Research the Witnesses
The final step is to research the witnesses that you deem to be possible relatives. One of the quickest ways to begin the research is to find the witness in the nearest census. This step may take a while but it always pays off in the end.
Step 6: What Records Can I Use in Witness Research?
|Many Danish records are available online. See the Danish Research Websites for links to the different websites|
- Church Records: In order to do witness research, you will need to use the Danish national church records. Nearly all of the Danish church records have been digitized and made available online for free. See the article Digitized Danish Records Online – Arkivalieronline.
- Censuses: Use Censuses to discover who each witness may be. Censuses not only give a picture of the family as it was at the time the census was taken, but also provides information about where they lived in the city.
- Probates: Usually, after a person died, a probate was conducted in order to pay the deceased’s debts and distribute what’s left to the inheritors. these records will usually list when the deceased passed away. If not, usually the probate date is close to the death date.
- Civil Registration: Although civil registration did not become a major record source until the 20th century, and was only available in a few areas of Denmark, they are a very useful record. Often the civil registration records will contain more information than the church records, on the deceased individual.
If you still cannot find your ancestor in the city try the following records:
- Court Records: there are many different court records and they may not necessarily record vital information, but they can give clues. For example, if the ancestor was murdered, there may be a court proceeding that records the circumstances surrounding the death.
Step 7: What’s next?
If you need additional guidance, consult some of these other strategies:
|How to Find Information for Danish Ancestors|
|1. Getting Started
2. Birth Information
3. Marriage Information
4. Death Information
5. Place of Origin in Denmark
6. Moving within Denmark
|7. Emigration information
8. Immigration information
9. Using witnesses to find the next generation
10. Families in Sønderjylland (Southern Denmark)
11. City People and Research